Participant Safety: Know the Signs of Trafficking

InterExchange is a proud supporter of The U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Blue Campaign and the global fight to end human trafficking. Everyone has a role to play in combating human trafficking and you can help by recognizing potential indicators and reporting suspected cases of human trafficking.

Be aware of the definitions and warning signs of human trafficking. Watch these awareness videos from the Blue Campaign to better understand the signs and indicators of human trafficking.

Human Trafficking Is Defined as the…

Act of
  • Recruiting
  • Harboring
  • Transporting
  • Providing
  • Obtaining
... a person for labor, services, or commercial sex acts
by Means of
  • Force
  • Fraud
  • Coercion
for the Purpose of
  • Exploitation
  • Involuntary servitude
  • Peonage
  • Debt bondage
  • Slavery
... OR any conventional sex act involving a minor

Warning Signs of Human Trafficking:

Personal Documents

  • The person does not have access to their travel documents or identification papers (which restricts the individual’s freedom of movement and opportunity)


  • The person’s wages are being withheld
  • The person is being paid a wage that is less than what was promised


  • The person is threatened by an employer with deportation or arrest


  • The person is coached on what to say to law enforcement or other officials (including the U.S. Department of State or their J-1 Visa sponsor)

Working & Living Conditions

  • The person is doing a different job than expected
  • The person is deprived of satisfactory living conditions

For more information and resources to help prevent human trafficking, please visit:

U.S. Department of State-Designated J-1 Visa Sponsor
Alliance for International Exchange
The International Coalition for Global Education and Exchange
European-American Chamber of Commerce New York
Global Ties U.S.
International Au Pair Association
WYSE Travel Confederation