Cultural Exchange

Helping Participants Gain a New Understanding of the USA

InterExchange makes it a priority to give our participants and hosts resources to explore cultural learning opportunities together or independently. We’ve created an online guide to U.S. culture called Cultural Compass, which includes recommended sites and cultural activities for participants to enjoy while in the U.S.

The InterExchange Inside the USA guide also contains many helpful recommendations and resources.

Cultural Activity Ideas for Host Employers

As an InterExchange Career Training USA host employer, you play an important role in helping our international participants learn about American culture and have a fantastic experience in the U.S. Encouraging participants to interact with Americans and experience our culture in their free time is an essential part of your role.

Hosting your own cultural events and activities is often the best way to teach them about life in the U.S! To help you facilitate fun cultural activities for your international intern or trainee, we’ve outlined some ideas below.

Interns/Trainees Can Connect with Program Participants:

Encourage your intern or trainee to join the Career Training Participant List to connect with other InterExchange interns and trainees via social media!

NOTE: This list is available in their Digital Acceptance Packet upon approval of their Career Training application.

Beginning of Program

Making sure your international intern or trainee has a warm welcome can be the key to a successful program. Remember, they’ve just arrived in a new country and don’t know anyone! Events at the beginning of their internship can be as simple as gathering employees together for introductions.

On their first day, orient participants to the workplace and allow time for participants to get to know their colleagues. Consider hosting a welcome reception in the office for the participant to get to know colleagues in other departments.

Mid-Program Events

Throughout the intern or trainee’s program, cultural events and outings are a great way to make sure participants are experiencing American culture. Participants may feel homesick at some point during their stay, and facilitating fun activities can help remind them why they’re here. Their American colleagues will probably enjoy an office outing as well!

Sporting event: Organize an outing to a local sporting event. Help explain the rules of the game if the participant is unfamiliar.

Food events: Host an American-style barbecue or picnic, or organize a potluck where staff and participants prepare their favorite dishes from their home countries or countries of origin.

Explore nature: Go hiking, kayaking or take a nature walk.

  • Inform your participants about exercise classes in your area, such as yoga or aerobics, and learn the common practices for staying fit in your intern/trainee’s home country.
  • Share this list of InterExchange’s Top 10 State Parks.
  • Find out if your participants know about camping and where they can go camping in your area.
  • Show your participants examples of North American wildlife; ask about your intern/trainee’s country and the wildlife there.
  • Share this list of our Top 10 Scenic Drives in the U.S.

Government & Politics: Teach your participants how elections in the U.S. work and learn about the governing structure in your intern/trainee’s home country.

  • Make sure your participants take a look at this guide to sensitive topics and respectful debate in the U.S.
  • Find out if your statehouse gives free tours to the public.

Celebrate an American holiday: Celebrate holidays like the Fourth of July or Thanksgiving to give participants unique insight into American culture. Office potlucks work well for holiday celebrations.

  • Pumpkin carving contest: Print out templates and have fun carving pumpkins!
  • Attend a local holiday parade or festival.
  • Teach your intern/trainee the story of Thanksgiving.

Visit a local museum or concert hall: Encourage your participants to visit local museums.

Karaoke: Organize an office karaoke outing. Encourage your participants to sing and discuss their favorite American songs.

Employee birthday: For many participants, this may be their first birthday away from home. Help make it special by organizing a party or gathering with colleagues.

Trivia night: A great mid-program event idea is to host office trivia! Who knows? Your international participants may know more about U.S. culture than their American colleagues!

Volunteer event: Get coworkers together for a day or an hour of volunteering! Partner with a local volunteer organization for greater interaction with Americans.

Game day: Bring board games to the office like Apples-to-Apples, Monopoly, Pictionary, or Scrabble.


At the end of the program, consider hosting a going-away party to show your appreciation for your participants’ hard work. Their American colleagues may appreciate saying goodbye as well!

Culture Shock

International participants are likely to encounter some difficulties adjusting to living and working in the U.S.

A participant may soon realize that the familiar signs of home and their automatic responses for meeting situations of daily life may not be applicable in the U.S. Climate, food, landscapes, people and their ways of doing things may all seem strange. English ability may not serve the participant as well as they expected. They may feel the pressures of fast-paced life in a busy city in the U.S.

Since some participants are here for a relatively short time, the degree of culture shock could be quite minimal; however, employers should at least expect a short transitional period while participants “warm up” to their new life in the U.S.

Signs of Culture Shock

InterExchange interns and trainees experience culture shock to varying degrees; some hardly notice it at all, while others can become overwhelmed. Many may not even attribute their problems to culture shock, but being sensitive to these issues will benefit you and your international participants. If you require assistance dealing with any cultural misunderstandings that may arise, please do not hesitate to call the InterExchange Career Training USA program staff.

Common signs of culture shock may include:

  • Feeling isolated and frustrated. Participants may become nervous and/or excessively tired. They may sleep a lot, even after they have recovered from jet lag. Normal, minor irritations may make a participant overly upset.

  • Being excessively homesick. It is normal to miss home, family and friends, but if participants can think of nothing else, call/email home all the time, or frequently seem depressed or cry, they are most likely suffering from culture shock.

  • Becoming dependent upon others from one’s home country. These friendships are important and are extremely supportive, but if participants spend time exclusively with people from their home country, they deny themselves the experience of interacting with people from the U.S..

  • Having deep doubts about the decision to come to the U.S. There may be anxieties with work. An intern or trainee may wonder: “Why does my boss speak so loudly and quickly?” “Will I be able to repay my parents the money they lent me?” This stress can become overwhelming and cause tension.

  • Feeling reluctant to speak English or to associate with people. Communicating in a second language requires a lot of effort. A participant who is experiencing culture shock may lack the confidence and energy to practice their English and engage with their native-speaking colleagues.

Coping With Culture Shock

Almost all participants will cope with culture shock to some degree. We hope that you’ll be aware of this possibility and be able to help the interns or trainees acclimate to American culture and customs. The following suggestions may help you understand and resolve any problems that arise:

  • Maintain your perspective. Although the participant is your employee, they will occasionally need advice or encouragement. Usually international participants just need to know they have someone on their side to help boost their confidence while adapting to their new environment.

  • If a participant feels confused or disappointed, ask them what their expectations were before they came.

  • Keep an open mind and a sense of humor. People in the U.S. may do or say things that people in the participant’s home country would not do or say. Try to understand that the intern or trainee is acting according to his or her own set of values, and that these values are born of a culture different from yours.

Next: Tips for a Successful Program »

U.S. Department of State-Designated J-1 Visa Sponsor
Alliance for International Exchange
Exclusive partner of the Erasmus Student Network for J-1 Visa sponsorship of internships in the U.S.
European-American Chamber of Commerce New York
Generation Study Abroad
Global Ties U.S.
International Au Pair Association
WYSE Travel Confederation