Students in the Job Placement program are guaranteed one job offer through InterExchange. InterExchange Work & Travel USA Regional Managers email applications to our network of employers for their review. During this time, students are ‘on hold’ with a particular employer whose needs match the students’ requests as closely as possible. If the employer accepts the student, that person is ‘placed.’ Students should have a realistic understanding of what types of job placements InterExchange can provide.
The most important principle for students to keep in mind is flexibility. Students must be open-minded, as they might not get their ideal placement. Employers’ particular preferences and students’ work dates, English levels, and requests to be placed with a friend can all be limiting factors in the placement process.
InterExchange takes great care to make sure that all placements offer students a fair wage in relation to the cost of living in the area and the opportunity to have a fulfilling season in the U.S.
A sample job offer is provided in the Appendix.
What students should expect from InterExchange Work & Travel USA job placements:
- Entry level and seasonal positions. These are basic positions that do not require previous experience or professional training.
- Hard work! Most jobs require physical labor, which can be tiring and can become boring. Cleaning is a common job.
- The types of jobs that are also held by young people in the U.S. during their school breaks.
What students should not expect from InterExchange Work & Travel USA job placements:
- A job related to their studies or future career plans.
- A job with no physical work.
- To work as waitstaff, front desk, or ski instructors.
Students must be open to placements in at least three of the following different types of jobs:
- Housekeeping: May include doing laundry, vacuuming, cleaning bathrooms, changing sheets, making beds, and cleaning public areas of the resort.
- Kitchen help: Will include dishwashing! These positions often include cutting food, cleaning floors and kitchen equipment, assisting the chef, and taking out garbage.
- Maintenance: May include repair work, shoveling snow, lifting and moving furniture, cleaning pools, taking out garbage, and cleaning public areas of the resort.
- Sales Help: May include selling food or merchandise (T-shirts, fast food, gifts, etc.), working with money, assisting customers, cleaning and stocking shelves. InterExchange has few of these positions available, and they require excellent English skills.
- Amusement Park (summer only): May include cleaning public areas and bathrooms, selling fast food, and operating games or rides. Many of these jobs require working outside in the heat.
InterExchange does not guarantee that students will be placed according to their requests for types of jobs.
Since many employers feel that they need to know more about students before assigning them to a specific position, many wait until their employees have arrived to determine job assignments.
Make applicants aware that the U.S. Department of State prohibits Work & Travel J-1 Visa participants from performing the following jobs:
- Positions that could bring notoriety or disrepute to the Exchange Visitor Program;
- Sales positions that require participants to purchase inventory that they must sell in order to support themselves;
- Domestic help positions in private homes (e.g., child care, elder care, gardener, chauffeur);
- Pedicab or rolling chair drivers or operators;
- Operators or drivers of vehicles or vessels for which drivers' licenses are required regardless of whether they carry passengers or not;
- Positions related to clinical care that involves patient contact;
- Any position in the adult entertainment industry (including, but not limited to jobs with escort services, adult book/video stores, and strip clubs);
- Positions requiring work hours that fall predominantly between 10:00 pm and 6:00 am;
- Positions declared hazardous to youth by the Secretary of Labor at Subpart E of 29 CFR part 570;
- Positions that require sustained physical contact with other people and/or adherence to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Universal Blood and Body Fluid Precautions guidelines (e.g., body piercing, tattooing, massage, manicure);
- Positions that are substantially commission-based and thus do not guarantee that participants will be paid minimum wage in accordance with federal and state standards;
- Positions involved in gaming and gambling that include direct participation in wagering and/or betting;
- Positions in chemical pest control, warehousing, catalogue/online order distribution centers;
- Positions with traveling fairs or itinerant concessionaires;
- Jobs that do not allow participants to work alongside U.S. citizens and interact regularly with U.S. citizens and to experience U.S. culture during the workday portion of their Summer Work Travel programs;
- Positions with employers that fill non-seasonal or non-temporary job openings with exchange visitors with staggered vacation schedules;
- Positions that require licensing;
- Positions for which there is another specific J-1 Visa category (e.g., Camp Counselor, Trainee, Intern);
Positions with staffing agencies, unless the placements meet the following three criteria:
- Participants must be employees of and paid by the staffing agencies
- Staffing agencies must provide full-time, primary, on-site supervision of the participants
Staffing agencies must effectively control the work sites, e.g., have hands-on management responsibility for the participants
- Positions in the North American Industry Classification System's (NAICS) Goods-Producing Industries occupational categories industry sectors 11, 21, 23, 31-33 numbers (set forth at http://www.bls.gov/iag/tgs/iag_index_naics.htm).
- Construction (includes specialty trade contractors)
- Mining (includes oil and gas extraction, support activities for mining)
- Manufacturing (food manufacturing, textile mills, apparel manufacturing, wood product manufacturing, printing,)
- Natural Resources (crop production, animal production, fishing, support activities for agriculture and forestry)
- Any job that jeopardizes the reputation of the program or the applicant’s well-being and safety
Additionally, InterExchange Work & Travel USA students are prohibited from working in the following areas:
- Businesses that do not have workers’ compensation or EIN (Tax ID) numbers
- Positions acquired through third parties
- Home-based businesses
- Camp counselors or any work in a camp
- Flight attendants
- Fisheries or fish processing companies
- Jobs where the student will mainly be speaking their native language
- Jobs that may jeopardize the student’s health or welfare
- Jobs where students must invest their own money
- Jobs where the participant is handling personal or sensitive information
- Positions as an independent contractor
- Positions in warehouses or factories
Let applicants know that as the J-1 Visa sponsor, InterExchange will verify conditions of the participant’s work and will fully vet each initial or new host employer before the person may start working in the U.S.
All positions for our Work & Travel USA participants are to be seasonal and temporary and should provide regular communication and interaction with U.S. citizens and allow participants to experience U.S. culture.
2012 Federal Register requires sponsors to confirm that the positions/host employers:
- Will not displace U.S. workers at the worksites.
- Have not experienced layoffs in the past 120 days.
- Do not have workers on lockout or strike.
An example of an acceptable Self-Placement Job Offer is provided in the Appendix.
In addition, InterExchange reserves the right to reject any job offer if the position is deemed to jeopardize the student’s well-being or safety or does not provide required exposure to the culture and customs of the U.S.